Tajikistan and Pakistan are important partners (cont.)
Category : News
The benefits from hydropower development are following:
- Using of the renewable sources of energy, which fits to the main concept of Green economy;
- Generation of the cheap and environmental friendly electricity;
- Saving the fuel resources, which are using now intensively for power generation;
- Reducing the carbon emissions.
- Sustainable water management;
- Ensuring the water security;
- Protection from floods and mudflows and mitigation the droughts.
Water resources use in Central Asia is one of the most wasteful in the world. The reason is that much of the water is lost due to the low efficiency of irrigation systems, which barely reaches 30-40%. The biggest loss of filtration efficiency and the lowest observed in the middle and lower reaches of the Amu Darya. Only in the last three years, flow losses in this sector amounted to 32km or more than 10km a year, almost three times higher than in the Soviet period. Studies have shown that the volume of the water, only 20% used productively, and the remaining 80% is lost forever.
The other countries instead to blame Tajikistan should take the responsibility for improving their irrigation system, reduce the cotton produce and rectify their own mistakes.
Development of irrigated agriculture, especially in producing of cotton in our neighbor countries, and water resources in the Aral Sea has resulted in the death of the Aral Sea, once the fourth largest inland lake-sea in the world. In the early 60-s in the Aral Sea in two main rivers of the region the Amu Darya and Syr Darya fell to 60km of water, which, taking into account precipitation and evaporation maintained a certain balance in sea level. However, due to increased irrigated area almost doubled twice and increased withdrawal of water from these rivers, which led to the drying of the Aral Sea.
I guess that it is necessary to ask the World Bank and other international institution to start the process for an expertise of the old irrigation systems and the and a great number of reservoirs constructed and built in the vast expanses of the downstream countries.
Q: Energy is one important sector but which are the other fields where both the countries can cooperate with each other?
A: Food and agricultural sector, textile/light industry, transportation sector and construction materials are mutually beneficial spheres for cooperation.
Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan is diversified over more than 90 types of production. Following the transition of the Republican economy to a market economy and the privatisation of state property a number of enterprises have been changed into joint stock companies, private companies and joint ventures with foreign capital.
Tajikistan has the largest deposits of silver, gold, iron, lead, antimony, coal, common salt and precious stones in Central Asia and the CIS. These resources provide sufficient raw materials for mining, metal, chemical, building and other industries.
Tajikistans Industry Development Concept sets out priority directions for the development of those branches of industry that meet the countrys internal demand for essential industrial goods and services and most efficiently use the countrys natural resources, raw materials, hydro-energy and labour resources thus promoting a transition from the export of raw materials to the production and export of high quality goods and importsubstituting products.
The Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan №175 dated 21 April 2012 On approval of the Plan for creation of industrial enterprises in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2012-2013 stipulates the establishment of 200 small and medium-sized enterprises in 2012 and an additional 124 in 2013 resulting in a total of 324 enterprises creating 17,791 workplaces.
Q: How your government is facilitating to the foreign investors?
A: A wealth of mineral and agricultural raw material resources and a favorable climate make Tajikistans prospects for industry attractive to foreign investors.
Tajikistans legislative framework complies with international normative and legal acts which protect investors; facilitate mutually beneficial and effective cooperation and supports the countrys open-door and open economic policy.
This has facilitated the development of integration processes in the industry of the republic with regard to mutual goods exchange, production, technical and technological activities, as well as cooperation of production relations between enterprises both inside and outside the country.
The Republic of Tajikistan implements many signed agreements on cooperation and partnership with various industries throughout the world. The mining industry includes the extraction and processing of mineral resources such as zinc, lead, antimony, quicksilver, fel fluorspar, tungsten and molybdenum, as well as the development of black coal, oil and gas, rock salt, rare and precious metals, loose elements, precious, semiprecious and trim stones, building materials and mining chemical feedstock.
Q: In August your government is going to organize the high level international conference on water cooperation what are the objects and agenda of this event?
A: The Republic of Tajikistan held the following international conference:
- International Fresh Water Forum, August 2003, Dushanbe
- International Conference on Regional Cooperation in Transboundary River Basin, May 2005, Dushanbe
- International Conference on Regional Cooperation in Transboundary River Basin, May 2005, Dushanbe
- High-level International Conference on the midterm comprehensive review of the implementation of the International Decade for Action Water for Life, 2005-2015 , June 2010, Dushanbe
The Republic of Tajikistan is an active member of the global water processes. Being the originator of the three resolutions of the UN General Assembly on International Freshwater Year (2003), International Decade for Action Water for Life (2005-2015) and International Year of Water Cooperation (2013) Tajikistan makes all efforts to contribute to the improvement of the water situation.
For the implementation of the water related Internationally Agreed Development Goals, and sharing of best practices on cooperation among various water users, the Government of Tajikistan is organizing the High Level International Conference on water cooperation under the auspices of the United Nations in Dushanbe on August 20-21st, 2013.
Main goals of the Conference:
- To discuss different aspects of the implementation of the International Year of Water Cooperation in the UN member states, and strengthening of cooperation and dialogue to resolve current water issues, towards achieving the MDGs and IADGs;
- To highlight best practices in different countries and regions of the world in water cooperation among water users at local, national and regional levels, in improving access to safe drinking water and sanitation, and in promoting efficient use of water resources for development and environmental protection;
- To prepare specific recommendations on effective implementation approaches and mechanisms towards joint use of water resources in transboundary basins of rivers, aquifers and lakes;
- To ensure the engagement of all stakeholders, especially women, to encourage new dialogue and participatory approaches, including Water Users Associations, various unions, at all levels of cooperation;
- To foster cooperation through a broader approach including, South-South, North-South and triangular cooperation initiatives for water resources management, in particular, through capacity development, exchange of experiences, best practices and lessons learned, as well as sharing environmentally sound technologies and know-how;
- To foster transboundary water cooperation by joining and implementing regional and international agreements, and bilateral and multilateral frameworks, as well as existing mechanisms and modalities of water diplomacy. To address water cooperation issues at the local, national and regional and international levels;
- To get a better idea of the issues and challenges faced by various countries and regions through the exhibition, presentations and side events.
It is expected that the Conference will be attended by High Level representatives from the member states; representatives of international and non-governmental organizations; civil society and private sector; river basin organizations and commissions; national and regional water commissions; scientific, educational and cultural organizations; children and women organizations; regional and international financial organizations; UN agencies and etc.
Q: Pakistan national poet Allama Iqbal is very popular in Tajikistan please tell us some details about this popularity?
A: Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) is one of the preeminent poet and philosopher not only of the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, but also the peoples of whole Asia. Indeed, the attention he has received from numerous writers, translators, and critics from Western as well as Islamic countries testifies to his stature as a world literary figure. As I mentioned he was not only a poet, but Alloma Iqbal was one of the greatest philosophers. He has in fact been called the most serious Muslim philosophical thinker of modem times. Iqbal wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian, and several collections in each language exist.
A reader of Iqbals poetry is struck by its sheer thematic variety. Iqbal was deeply interested in the issues that have exercised the best minds of the human racethe issues of the meaning of life, change and constancy, freedom and determinism, survival and progress, the relation between the body and the soul, the conflict between reason and emotion, evil and suffering, the position and role of human beings in the universeand in his poetry he deals with these and other issues. He had also read widely in history, philosophy, literature, mysticism, and politics, and, again, his catholic interests are reflected in his poetry.
Iqbals poetic works are written primarily in Persian rather than Urdu. Among his 12,000 verses of poetry, about 7,000 verses are in Persian. His love of the Persian language is evident in his works and poetry. He says in one of his poems:
گرچہ اردو در عذوبت شکر است
garche Urdū dar uzūbat shekkar ast
طرز گفتار دري شيرين تر است
tarz-e goftar-e Dari shirin tar ast
(Even though in sweetness Urdu is sugar but Persian is more sweeter )
In Tajikistan the poetry of Alloma Muhammad Iqbal studies in schools and universities. We have days of Iqbalkhoni and by support of the President of Tajikistan, H.I, Emomali Rahmon were published Kulliyoti Farsi and Jawed Noma, also one of his great work Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam was translated to Tajik language and published in Tajikistan.