General Information

General Information About Republic Of Tajikistan

Official name: Republic of Tajikistan

Location: Central Asia region. In the east the Republic of Tajikistan borders on China, in the north and west – on Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan correspondingly, in the south – on Afghanistan

Territory: 143,100 square km

Climate: extremely continental: in January the temperature varies between -20C and 0C and in June between 0C and +30C depending on the height

Population: 7565,0 thous. people (2010); 49,7% of which are men and 50,3 % are women; urban population makes 2005,0 thous. people, rural population is 5560,0 thous. people ; 58% of the population are active working age and 42% are incapable for work.

Density of population: 47,4 people per 1 square km Capital – Dushanbe with population of 724 thous. people

Cities : Hudjand, Kurgan-Tube, Khorog, Kulyab.

Administrative divisions : Regions of republican subordination  28. 7 thous. square km, population – 1722 thous. people; Sogd oblast – 26.1 thous. square km, population – 2237 thous. people; Khatlon oblast -24.6 thous. square km, population – 2676 thous. people; Gorno-Badahshan Autonomous oblast – 63. 7 thous. square km, population – 206 thous. People

Ethnic composition: Tajik – 80 %, Uzbek – 15,3 %, Russian – 1,1 %, other – 3,6 %. Languages – Tajik (state language), Uzbek, Russian

Currency: Somoni (1 USD = 4.80 Somoni).

Gross Domestic Product: makes 5,15 billions USD (2010)

Average life duration: 66,9; men/women: 64,3 / 69,7

Population literacy: 97%

Telephone country code992

Time (Dushanbe): + 4 hours in comparison with central European time

Measures of weight: Metric system.

Tax year: Calendar

Natural resources: Aluminium, coal, oil, natural gas, iron, zinc, stibium, quicksilver, gold, tin, tungsten, boron, sodium chloride, carbonates, fluorite, precious and semi-precious stones

Main branches of industry: Metal mining industry, hydropower engineering, textile and garment Main agricultural crops: cotton, fruit, vegetables, silk, grains, tobacco

  • 1st of January – New Year's Day
  • 8th of March – International Women's Day
  • 21st -22nd of March – Navruz (New Year)
  • 9th of May – Victory Day
  • 27th of June – Day of National Unity and Concordance
  • 9th of September – Independence Day of the RT
  • 6th of November – Constitution Day of the RT
  • Idi Ramazon – annually 1 day (by the calendar)
  • Idi Kurbon – annually 1 day (by the calendar)